I was doing some research for my bachelor thesis and came across some criticism on the Zeitgeist that I found interesting in the book, the Fashioned Body by Joanne Entwistle. There she talks about that one of the problems with the Zeitgeist is that it tends to simplify fashion too much. That fashion responds to social and political change can be true but there are always some exceptions to the rule that the Zeitgeist, according to Entwistle, does not take in to consideration.
“If we allow Zeitgeist theory a free hand it becomes almost a supernatural hypothesis, one of metaphysical rather than social proportion” – The fashioned body, p. 63-64.
This criticism of hers and a few other scholars made me kind a think in a sort of a “what if” history. What if some dominating event had not happened, would fashion have evolved differently? Or would it have been the same even if the circumstances were different?